After 34 years of diligent efforts, the much-awaited National Education Policy (NEP) received cabinet’s nod on 29 July 2020. It replaced the National Policy on Education, 1986. The new educational policy lays out a comprehensive framework that focuses on transforming India’s education system by 2030. But what makes the new education policy worth paying attention to? Let us ascertain key takeaways from the new education policy that makes it revolutionary in every sense.
Important Objectives of the New Education Policy
-GDP Investment in education to be increased from 1.6% to at least 6%
At present, India spends 4.6% of its total GDP in our education sector. The government has decided to bring it up to at least 6%. This will enable the introduction of increased funds for higher education and research purposes. Moreover, scholarships for the economically weaker section will also prove to be a boom in the education system of India.
- -Gross Enrolment Ratio will be increased to 50% by 2035
Gross Enrolment Ratio means the number of students enrolled in a given level of education. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education of India for the year 2018-19 was at 26.3%.
The new NEP has been designed with a holistic approach in which vocational and extra-curricular activities have been given equal footing. The student-centric approach has been a prime focus of this policy.
Key takeaways of the new National Educational Policy
-Revised Academic Structure
The existing structure of 10+2 has now been replaced by the all-new 5+3+3+4. This move has transformed the Indian education system by making it similar to the global education system.
Students to learn coding from 6th standard onwards
Students will start learning and practising coding from 6th class onwards. This practice has been a part of the foreign education system for many years.
Option to learn in mother tongue till 5th grade
Students will get the benefit of learning in their local language till 5th grade. Europe has inculcated this practice where it becomes easy for students to comprehend new concepts in their local language.
10 days Bagless Period
To make learning practical, shifting the focus from rote learning to introduce vocational training, a revolutionary concept 10 days bag less period has been introduced by the government. This step will allow students of 6th-8th grade to intern with vocational experts such as gardeners, carpenters, potters, artists etc and also value such professions.
- Freedom to explore any subject
Prior to the new education policy, students had very few limited categories of subjects to explore. What made this more binding was if a student wanted to take a subject of arts or commerce along with science, he simply could not. The new education policy empowers the students to opt for any subject of their choice.
There are numerous other features of this national educational policy which bring a much-needed and revolutionary change in the education system of India. It has attempted to address all withstanding drawbacks of the current education system that was pending for decades.
A long-awaited positive change in the education structure of the country has invigorated all the stakeholders including teachers, parents and most importantly, the future of our nation, the students.